… I’m trying to stay within Chinese philosophy of science (and maybe the history of Chinese philosophy of science), rather than bridging over into the spiritual (with a warning flag that Confucius, Mencius and Laozi get mentioned). To be complete, this direction leads to getting wrapped up with Mozi https://www.iep.utm.edu/mozi/
If I’m having to parse through scholars who have a deeper sense of nature of ecology, the references are strongly towards Laozi (over Confucius, who advised political leaders). However, this also leads to discussions of spirituality.
In China, the culture and science are linked strongly, in a similar way to how the contemporary/modern west is tied to The Enlightenment. I do see similarities between Classical Chinese Medicine and the empirical sciences associated with four bodily humours https://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/shakespeare/fourhumors.html .
Another research project could be how much validity there is in the four humours … but Classical Chinese Medicine continues to be practiced today.