On Geoffrey Vickers and appreciative systems, in a comment from David L. Hawk:
Now we are finally getting to someplace, called noplace, with hope for where we are headed. In the 1950s Sir Geoffrey Vickers developed appreciative systems to see such as humans learning, not a basis for anger. He pointed out how once you appreciate a system it becomes its negative thus testing you at a higher level of knowing, until you find your limits. Most enjoyable was where he applied “Freedom in a Rocking Boat,” (one of his books on the subject) to Americans that pride standing on their own against all. He recommended putting them in a small boat in the middle of a significant storm to see if they could understand context and its need for seeing appreciative systems. Singularity is not at issue, reality is.